• Sixth-Grade Social Studies Learning Objectives
    Sixth-graders will begin the year reviewing the foundations of U.S. government, the concept of culture, as well as exploring westward expansion. They will continue with an in-depth study of the causes of the Civil War, the war itself, and transformation at the end of the 19th century. Simulations, research projects, field experiences, and literature offerings involve students in understanding these periods from several vantage points.

    Enduring Understandings:

    1. American has changed from 1800 to 1900.
    2. The geography of North American has influenced the social, political, economic and cultural development of the United States.
    3. Democracy in the United States has evolved through history.
    Essential Questions:
    1. How does America change from 1800 to 1900?
    2. How has geography affected social, political, economic, and cultural development?
    3. How does the past relate to the present?
    4. What societal factors lead to unity and disorder?
    5. How democratic is/was the United States?
    6. How do variables such as a person's race, class, gender, ethnicity, cultural background, geographical location, and historical point in time affect his or her perspective and/or interpretation of historical events?
    Essential Skills:
    1. Recognizing & mastering the format of informational texts
    2. Taking effective notes using a variety of strategies
    3. Writing expository topic paragraphs as well as historical fiction
    4. Methods of inquiry (e.g. using reliable internet sources as well as print sources and citing them in a bibliography)
    5. Making connections from past to present
    1. Expansion
      Students will review the parts of US government, the concept of culture, and factors leading to the westward expansion of the United States between 1800 and 1850.
    2. Pre-Civil War
      Students will examine the social, political, and economic causes of the Civil War. Students will also study the historical figures who began to reform American society into its current state.
    3. Civil War
      Students will study major events, important people, and new technological developments that arose from the Civil War. They will also examine the effects of the war in rebuilding the union.
    4. Transformation
      Students will study how the U.S. transformed into a more urban and modern society in the late 1800s. The second wave of immigration will be a topic of focus.