• Fifth-Grade Social Studies Learning Objectives
     
    Social studies is amulti-disciplinary, integrated approach to the study of people, theirphysical environment, histories, traditions and cultures. Fifth-gradersbegin a three-year sequence studying American History from pre-Columbiantimes to 1800. The central themes of this year include the diversecultural make-up of the Americas, the causes of the American Revolutionand the core concepts of the Constitution.
     
    Unit 1: Three Worlds Meet
     
    History
    • Demonstrate an understanding of the significance of the role of European explorers and their impact on the people of North America.
    • Explain the causes of European exploration in the New World.
    • Explain the effects of European exploration in the western hemisphere.

    Geography/Culture
    • Trace the migration of people from Asia to the New World.
    • Demonstrate an understanding of the cultural similarities and differences that existed among Native Americans, Africans and Europeans.

    Economics
    • Explain the role of trade in the sponsorship of exploration of the New World.
    • Demonstrate an understanding of the origins of slavery as a labor system in the New World.

    Unit II: Establishing Colonies
     
    History
    • Demonstrate an understanding of the economic, political and religious motives for English colonization along the Atlantic seaboard of North America.

    Geography
    • Locate the thirteen colonies and group by region.
    • Demonstrate an understanding of geographic terms.

    Economics
    • Develop an understanding of the interdependence among Europe, Africa, the North American English colonies and the West Indies with regard to triangular trade.
    • Explain comparative advantage in relation to the economic development of the three regions comprising the English North American colonies.
    • Identify the role of slavery and indentured servitude as sources of labor in the colonial economy.

    Civics/Culture
    • Explain the political relationship between England and its North American colonies.
    • Develop an understanding of the daily lives of people living in colonial times.

    Unit III: Colonies to Country
     
    History
    • Demonstrate an understanding of the causes and effects of the French and Indian War and American Revolution.
    • Identify significant contributions of key individuals and groups in the American Revolution.

    Geography
    • Demonstrate an understanding of the influence of geographical features on military battles to the American Revolution.
    • Identify and locate the territorial boundaries of the United States in 1783.

    Economics
    • Demonstrate an understanding of the economic causes of the tension between England and its North American colonies.

    Unit IV: The New Nation
     
    History
    • Identify the Articles of Confederation, its structure, powers and weaknesses.
    • Explain significant contributions of various individuals in the creation of the United States.
    • Demonstrate an understanding of the main purposes of the Constitution as expressed in the Preamble.

    Economics
    • Identify the economic causes and results of the creation of the Constitution.

    Civics
    • Demonstrate an understanding of the system of checks and balances and their purpose in our system of government.
    • Identify and explain the powers and responsibilities of the three branches of the federal government.

    Contemporary Applications
    • Demonstrate and understanding of the ways in which the U.S. Constitution continues to influence American society.