• #### First-Grade Math Learning Objectives

Numbers & Operations

Cardinality & Ordinal Numbers
• Use cardinal and ordinal numbers up to 100 and ordinal numbers up to 10th.
Counting Number Sets, Number Representations, Compare & Order Numbers, Place Value
• Use concrete and pictorial models to create a set with a given number of objects (up to 100).
• Group objects and numbers up to 100 in tens and ones.
• Use number bonds to represent number combinations.
• Represent numbers to 100 on a number line.
• Count to 100.
• Count by 1s, 5s, and 10s to 100.
• Count by 2s to 40.
• Compare and order whole numbers to 100.
• Compare and order using the terms same, more, fewer, greater than, less than, equal to, greatest, and least.
• Use place value models, place value charts, and a 100 chart to represent numbers to 100.
• Express numbers to 100 in standard and word forms.
Whole Number: Addition & Subtraction
• Model addition and subtraction situations.
• Use models, numbers, and symbols for addition and subtraction facts to 20.
• Use the order, grouping, and zero properties to develop addition and subtraction fact strategies.
• Add and subtract up to 2-digit numbers with and without regrouping.
• Formulate addition and subtraction stories.
• Solve addition and subtraction problems using basic facts.
Whole Number: Multiplication & Division
• Count by 2s, 5s, and 10s.
• Add the same number to multiply.
• Represent sharing equally and making equal groups.
Estimation and Mental Math
• Use mental math strategies to add and subtract.
• Estimate quantity by using referents.
Money
• Identify and relate coin values (penny, nickel, dime, quarter).
• Count and make coin combinations.
• Add and subtract money.

Algebraic Thinking

Patterns & Properties
• Identify, describe, and extend two-and three-dimensional shape patterns.
• Identify a rule for sorting objects.
• Identify and extend growing and repeating patterns.
• Find missing terms in growing and repeating patterns.
• Use the Associative and Commutative Properties of Addition.
Algebraic Relationships & Models
• Understand the relationship between the numbers in fact families
Number Sentences, Equations & Inequalities
• Model addition and subtraction situations by writing addition and subtraction number sentences.
• Understand the difference between equality and inequality.

Geometry & Measurement

Time & Temperature
• Read a calendar to identify the days of the week, months, and seasons of the year.
• Recognize the correct way to write the date
• Tell time to the hour and half hour.
Size & Position
• Describe position with left and right.
• Use positional words to describe location.
Shapes
• Identify real-world two-dimensional shapes.
• Identify and describe attributes & properties of two-dimensional shapes.
• Sort & classify two-dimensional shapes.
• Compose & decompose two-dimensional shapes.
• Sort and classify geometric shapes.
• Identify real-world three-dimensional shapes.
• Identify two-dimensional shapes in three-dimensional shapes.
Length, Distance, Perimeter & Area
• Compare two lengths by comparing each with a third length (transitivity).
• Use a start line to measure length.
• Measure lengths, using non-standard units.
• Understand the need for equal-length units to measure.
• Count length units.
• Compare measurements made using different units.
• Understand the inverse relationship between the size of a unit and the number of units.
Weight & Mass
• Compare & measure weights using non-standard units.
• Introduce and compare two masses by comparing each with a third (transitivity).
• Solve weight problems.

Data Analysis

Collect, Classify, Organize, Represent, Interpret & Analyze Data
• Sort and classify data in order to make graphs.
• Collect and organize data in different ways.
• Represent measurements and data in picture graphs, tally charts and bar graphs.
• Interpret data in picture graphs, tally charts, and bar graphs.
• Read bar graphs with scales.
• Solve problems involving data.