• First-Grade Math Learning Objectives

     
    Numbers & Operations

    Cardinality & Ordinal Numbers
    • Use cardinal and ordinal numbers up to 100 and ordinal numbers up to 10th.
    Counting Number Sets, Number Representations, Compare & Order Numbers, Place Value
    • Use concrete and pictorial models to create a set with a given number of objects (up to 100).
    • Group objects and numbers up to 100 in tens and ones.
    • Use number bonds to represent number combinations.
    • Represent numbers to 100 on a number line.
    • Count to 100.
    • Count by 1s, 5s, and 10s to 100.
    • Count by 2s to 40.
    • Compare and order whole numbers to 100.
    • Compare and order using the terms same, more, fewer, greater than, less than, equal to, greatest, and least.
    • Use place value models, place value charts, and a 100 chart to represent numbers to 100.
    • Express numbers to 100 in standard and word forms.
    Whole Number: Addition & Subtraction
    • Model addition and subtraction situations.
    • Use models, numbers, and symbols for addition and subtraction facts to 20.
    • Use the order, grouping, and zero properties to develop addition and subtraction fact strategies.
    • Add and subtract up to 2-digit numbers with and without regrouping.
    • Formulate addition and subtraction stories.
    • Solve addition and subtraction problems using basic facts.
    Whole Number: Multiplication & Division
    • Count by 2s, 5s, and 10s.
    • Add the same number to multiply.
    • Represent sharing equally and making equal groups.
    Estimation and Mental Math
    • Use mental math strategies to add and subtract.
    • Estimate quantity by using referents.
    Money
    • Identify and relate coin values (penny, nickel, dime, quarter).
    • Count and make coin combinations.
    • Add and subtract money.
     
    Algebraic Thinking

    Patterns & Properties
    • Identify, describe, and extend two-and three-dimensional shape patterns.
    • Identify a rule for sorting objects.
    • Identify and extend growing and repeating patterns.
    • Find missing terms in growing and repeating patterns.
    • Use the Associative and Commutative Properties of Addition.
    Algebraic Relationships & Models
    • Understand the relationship between the numbers in fact families
    Number Sentences, Equations & Inequalities
    • Model addition and subtraction situations by writing addition and subtraction number sentences.
    • Understand the difference between equality and inequality.

    Geometry & Measurement

    Time & Temperature
    • Read a calendar to identify the days of the week, months, and seasons of the year.
    • Recognize the correct way to write the date
    • Tell time to the hour and half hour.
    Size & Position
    • Describe position with left and right.
    • Use positional words to describe location.
    Shapes
    • Identify real-world two-dimensional shapes.
    • Identify and describe attributes & properties of two-dimensional shapes.
    • Sort & classify two-dimensional shapes.
    • Compose & decompose two-dimensional shapes.
    • Sort and classify geometric shapes.
    • Identify real-world three-dimensional shapes.
    • Identify two-dimensional shapes in three-dimensional shapes.
    Length, Distance, Perimeter & Area
    • Compare two lengths by comparing each with a third length (transitivity).
    • Use a start line to measure length.
    • Measure lengths, using non-standard units.
    • Understand the need for equal-length units to measure.
    • Count length units.
    • Compare measurements made using different units.
    • Understand the inverse relationship between the size of a unit and the number of units.
    Weight & Mass
    • Compare & measure weights using non-standard units.
    • Introduce and compare two masses by comparing each with a third (transitivity).
    • Solve weight problems.

    Data Analysis

    Collect, Classify, Organize, Represent, Interpret & Analyze Data
    • Sort and classify data in order to make graphs.
    • Collect and organize data in different ways.
    • Represent measurements and data in picture graphs, tally charts and bar graphs.
    • Interpret data in picture graphs, tally charts, and bar graphs.
    • Read bar graphs with scales.
    • Solve problems involving data.