First-Grade Math Learning Objectives
Cardinality & Ordinal Numbers
- Use cardinal and ordinal numbers up to 100 and ordinal numbers up to 10th.
- Use concrete and pictorial models to create a set with a given number of objects (up to 100).
- Group objects and numbers up to 100 in tens and ones.
- Use number bonds to represent number combinations.
- Represent numbers to 100 on a number line.
- Count to 100.
- Count by 1s, 5s, and 10s to 100.
- Count by 2s to 40.
- Compare and order whole numbers to 100.
- Compare and order using the terms same, more, fewer, greater than, less than, equal to, greatest, and least.
- Use place value models, place value charts, and a 100 chart to represent numbers to 100.
- Express numbers to 100 in standard and word forms.
- Model addition and subtraction situations.
- Use models, numbers, and symbols for addition and subtraction facts to 20.
- Use the order, grouping, and zero properties to develop addition and subtraction fact strategies.
- Add and subtract up to 2-digit numbers with and without regrouping.
- Formulate addition and subtraction stories.
- Solve addition and subtraction problems using basic facts.
- Count by 2s, 5s, and 10s.
- Add the same number to multiply.
- Represent sharing equally and making equal groups.
- Use mental math strategies to add and subtract.
- Estimate quantity by using referents.
- Identify and relate coin values (penny, nickel, dime, quarter).
- Count and make coin combinations.
- Add and subtract money.
Patterns & Properties
- Identify, describe, and extend two-and three-dimensional shape patterns.
- Identify a rule for sorting objects.
- Identify and extend growing and repeating patterns.
- Find missing terms in growing and repeating patterns.
- Use the Associative and Commutative Properties of Addition.
- Understand the relationship between the numbers in fact families
- Model addition and subtraction situations by writing addition and subtraction number sentences.
- Understand the difference between equality and inequality.
Geometry & Measurement
Time & Temperature
- Read a calendar to identify the days of the week, months, and seasons of the year.
- Recognize the correct way to write the date
- Tell time to the hour and half hour.
- Describe position with left and right.
- Use positional words to describe location.
- Identify real-world two-dimensional shapes.
- Identify and describe attributes & properties of two-dimensional shapes.
- Sort & classify two-dimensional shapes.
- Compose & decompose two-dimensional shapes.
- Sort and classify geometric shapes.
- Identify real-world three-dimensional shapes.
- Identify two-dimensional shapes in three-dimensional shapes.
- Compare two lengths by comparing each with a third length (transitivity).
- Use a start line to measure length.
- Measure lengths, using non-standard units.
- Understand the need for equal-length units to measure.
- Count length units.
- Compare measurements made using different units.
- Understand the inverse relationship between the size of a unit and the number of units.
- Compare & measure weights using non-standard units.
- Introduce and compare two masses by comparing each with a third (transitivity).
- Solve weight problems.
Collect, Classify, Organize, Represent, Interpret & Analyze Data
- Sort and classify data in order to make graphs.
- Collect and organize data in different ways.
- Represent measurements and data in picture graphs, tally charts and bar graphs.
- Interpret data in picture graphs, tally charts, and bar graphs.
- Read bar graphs with scales.
- Solve problems involving data.